By Maria Dimova
What You’ll Be Creating
Day of the Dead is very beautiful and inspiring Mexican holiday. We’ll create a female portrait using different methods and techniques for a great result. You can use this tutorial as a reference for your own picture.
1. Make a Sketch
At the beginning
let’s draw a schematic sketch, and we’ll add the details later. We’ll use the attributes
inherent to this holiday: we’ll decorate the hairstyle with Mexican
marigolds, we’ll use traditional jewelry and ornaments, and we’ll create the
Create a New document, 600 x 850 px, RGB.
Then File > Place your sketch in
Adobe Illustrator. Change the
layer name to
“sketch”. In the Layer Options
choose Template, and change Dim Images to 50%.
2. Create a Brush for the Contour
Create a New Layer for the lines. For a
convenient work process, we’ll use two types of layers for each group of
objects: line and shape.
Let’s create a New
Art Brush. Make a black ellipse 100 x 2 px using the Ellipse
Tool (L) with 100% fill and without stroke. Drag it to the Brushes panel and go to New Brush > New Art Brush. Press OK, and choose the Tints method.
Start drawing the contour of the eyes. Draw smooth lines following the sketch. Change the Weight
of the stroke to 0.25 pt for the eyelashes
and folds of skin under the eyes.
Select the eye using the Selection Tool (V), and press Control-C
and Control-F. Then choose Flip Horizontal on the Transform panel. Drag this reflected
eye using the Selection Tool (V), pressing
the Shift button.
At this stage, the eyes look crossed. Select and
align the iris with the pupil of the eyes using the left-right buttons. Also change the order of the eyelashes and add
some folds of skin under the eyes.
Draw the nose and lips, the line of the face and neck
this way. First draw the right part, then flip it horizontally. Don’t draw the eyebrows; they will be hidden by the Calavera’s makeup.
Add a New Layer
for the flowers. Start drawing the petals from the flower’s middle to the edge.
In the end diversify them with the buds and leaves.
Next let’s start to design the earrings. Draw two
ellipse shapes, and then cut unnecessary pieces using the Scissors Tool (C) and delete them.
We’ll draw the shape of the crescent with the holes
for the beads this way. Add additional lines for the thickness of the earring.
Now draw the beads and attach them to the crescent.
Select the entire earring, copy and flip it
horizontally. Place it in the appropriate position on the right side, and change the
Let’s start forming the hairstyle. Create a New Layer between the “face_line” and
“earring_line” layers. For convenience, we’ll change the color of the brush. So
we’ll distinguish the hair lines and other objects.
Start drawing from the top part bit by bit moving
down. First make just the main lines, and then add the details.
Here’s how the picture looks now.
3. Create the Main Shapes
Now we need to create the swatch of the main colors. Basically
we’ll choose bright colors for all shapes and a pale color for the skin.
Start painting the main shapes following the brush
contour. You can use the Pencil Tool (N)
or the Pen Tool (P) for your convenience.
the layers as shown in the screenshot below.
Now we need to
repaint the contours for each of the objects in the appropriate colors. Choose a
darker shade for the lines compared to the main color of the shapes. The exceptions are the flowers and hair. Fill the outer edge of the petals with orange color and the
lower lashes with red. Delete the stroke from the pupil of the eye.
Let’s repaint the
contours of the hair. Select one of the lines and go to Select > Same > Stroke Color, and then to Object > Expand Appearance.
Open the Pathfinder panel and click Unite, holding the Alt button. Then press
Now fill the hair with the linear gradient from navy
blue to bordeaux.
here’s what we’ve got at this stage.
4. Create the Calavera’s Makeup
Create a New Layer for the makeup’s contour over
the layer “face_line”. Make the following layers with shapes invisible: eyes
and lips, face and neck, background.
Choose your Art Brush and change its Weight to 0.75 pt on the Stroke
panel. Now start to draw the contour of the makeup following the sketch. During
the process we can add additional details. First draw one side of the makeup, and then flip it horizontally for the other side.
Create a New Layer for the makeup’s shapes over
the layer “eyes-lips_shape”. Choose the colors and create the main shapes
following the brush contour.
Now go to the layer
“face_line” and delete the lines of the nose and the middle part of the lips.
Let’s repaint the
contours of the makeup. Select the lines and go to Object > Expand Appearance. Fill them with darker shades compared
to the main colors of the shapes.
Expand and color the
rest of the lines in conformity with the makeup. You can see the final result
on the right side of the face in the screenshot.
Finalize the left side
of the makeup.
The main part of the drawing is
done. Here is how the image looks now.
5. Add Shadows and Highlights
First let’s add some volume to the eyes. Start with
the white of the eye, filling it with a light blue tint. Draw some dark blue
shapes under the eyelashes
and lay them one on top of the other, reducing the Opacity to 10-20%.
Next draw a pink strip on the eyelid margin, and add
some shadows and highlights. Add some gloss to the white of the eye too.
Now we get to the iris of the eye.
Create two ellipses behind the pupil of the eye, and fill them with brown and
orange color. Choose the darker color for the top of the iris and lighter for
the underside. Add some bright twinkles.
Let’s add a bright
highlight to the black area and red line. Add volume to the eyelashes too.
Now copy these new details and flip them horizontally. The exceptions are the iris and the pupil with twinkles—just copy and move them
holding the Alt button.
Now we’ll get to work
on the lips. The upper part of the lips is
shaded, so make it darker. Add some shadows and highlights as shown below. Use Opacity to make the surface smoother.
It’s time to add some volume to the
face and neck. We’ll draw the blush first. Choose a pink color and add the
shapes of the blush to the cheeks and neck. Select them and go to Effect > Blur > Gaussian Blur.
On the Transparency panel, reduce the Opacity to 40%.
add some shadows. Choose the color of the face’s contour, and reduce the Opacity to 15%. We’ll draw the basic shapes on the
area where shadows usually appear.
we’ll draw the volume following these basic shapes. Lay the shapes one on top of the other till you get the desired result.
Change the Opacity of
the shapes during
the process. Draw the same shadows on the neck too.
Choose a darker color
and draw the falling shadows, using 14%
Now add reflections from the
background. Select the background blue color, reduce the Opacity to 5%. Draw some
shapes on the cheekbones and neck. Add some reflections under the nose too.
Then choose a darker blue color and
draw falling shadows from the hairs, leaves and earrings. Vary the Opacity from 10% to 30%.
Choose the red-brown color and draw the shadows on the
bottom part of the neck.
Let’s add some
highlights to the face. Starting from the base skin color, select the lighter
tint, and reduce the Opacity to 20%. Draw the shapes on the forehead,
nose and chin, and over the lips too.
Now choose the cyan color and draw
highlights on the cheekbones and the corners of the lips. Reduce the Opacity to 20% too.
In the end let’s add some bright
twinkles to the bottom part of the nose and the area over the lips. To make the skin look more natural,
add some light moles.
is how it all looks now.
It’s time to add some volume to the
Calavera’s makeup. We’ll work on the “makeup_shape” layer. Let’s start
from the darkest parts of the makeup. Choose the dark blue color of the
contour, and reduce the Opacity to 30%. We’ll draw the shapes on the area where shadows usually
Draw the shadows following these
base shapes, changing the Opacity during the process.
Now choose the black color with 30-40% Opacity and draw some falling
shadows. Change the contour color of the nostrils to black.
Let’s add some
highlights to the lightest area. Choose the blue color from the background, and add shapes with 3% Opacity.
Now draw some cyan reflections on
the inner corners of the eyes and around the nostrils, varying the Opacity from 10% to 20%. Add the
bright hotspot on the tip of the nose. Also draw the dark red shape on the area
around the nostrils.
We’ll draw the volume of the rest of the makeup using the same principles. You can see the result below.
Let’s add some cyan reflections on the iris and the white of the eye.
Add a little of them to the lips too.
Create a New Layer over the layer “makeup_line”.
Draw the shapes of the highlights on the lightest area. Take an almost white color
with 10% Opacity, Blending Mode: Overlay.
Let’s draw the final
touches on the makeup. Add some highlights and shadows to the black pattern on
Well, let’s draw the flowers. First add the base
color, then draw the dark shadows and fallen shadows, highlights and gloss. Use
the same principles as shown in the screenshot.
Create a New Layer over the layer
“flowers_line”. Add some highlights to the petals near the face, and draw the
shadows on the outside petals. Use an almost white color for the highlights and
dark blue for the shadows. Reduce the Opacity to 10% and
change the Blending Mode to Overlay too.
Draw the volume on
the leaves and buds in the same way.
We should get this result.
It’s time to add some
highlights and shadows to the earrings. Let’s start with the golden part of
Now add some volume to the beads. Try to draw each of
the beads separately, paying attention to the reflections between them.
the end, add some gloss to the lightest area using the yellow brush.
Let’s add some volume to the ribbon
of the hairstyle. The method of painting is the same: dark shades, fallen
shadows, highlights and gloss.
Now let’s draw some
shadows on the shawl. Make a smooth transition from the red color to the dark, playing around with the Opacity. The darkest shade will be on
the bottom of the image. We don’t need highlights there, so just draw some blue
reflections from the background.
Finally, it’s time to
improve the hairstyle. Don’t draw the volume thoroughly, because most objects
are very bright on the image. Just make the hairs neutral.
Let’s draw shapes on
the lightest area, then select them and press Unite on the Pathfinder panel.
Now fill this shape with the linear gradient from the hair
contour, and reduce the Opacity to 40%. Repeat this process, drawing smaller shapes with 60% Opacity.
Open the layer “hair_back”. Select the main shapes, and press Control-C and Control-F. Fill them with the same linear gradient from the hair contour, and reduce the Opacity to 60%. Also add
some black falling shadows from the flowers.
Let’s draw some blue shapes on the back part of the hairstyle. Choose
the background color, reduce the Opacity
to 40% and draw the reflections.
Then add some cyan shapes with 20%
Draw the blue reflections on the
front part of the hairstyle the same way. The brighter color should be on the edges
of the image, so reduce the Opacity
bit by bit going to the middle.
6. It’s Time for the Final Touches
Let’s add some
necessary details. Start with the background. Choose the dark blue color with 20% Opacity, and lay
them one on top of the other around the hairstyle. Then choose a color darker than
previous and draw some shapes on the edge of the hair. In the end, use the darkest
color for the shadows and a bright blue for the highlights. Reduce the Opacity to 20% too.
Let’s create a pattern brush for the decoration of the
shawl. Draw a shape and create a New
Pattern Brush as shown below.
Now choose the brush
and draw lines to decorate our shawl. Then select these lines and go to Object > Expand Appearance. Delete
unnecessary elements using the Eraser
Tool (Shift-E). Then move this pattern behind all the shadows by pressing Control-Shift-