Stuart Davis made American Painting in 1932 for the Whitney’s first annual painting survey exhibition (the series of shows that went on to become the Biennials). The work pays homage to Willem de Kooning, Arshile Gorky, and John Graham, along with Duke Ellington. Davis altered the painting in 1942 and 1954, adding color and a number of other elements. 

Stuart Davis (1892–1964), American Painting, 1932/42–54. Oil on canvas, 40 × 50 ¼ in. (101.6 × 127.7 cm). Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha; on extended loan from the University of Nebraska at Omaha Collection. © Estate of Stuart Davis/Licensed by VAGA, New York

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